Different crops need water for them to survive. During rainy seasons, crops get the water they need from the rainfall. In case it is not raining, these crops need to be watered. Irrigation is a method which can be used to water these crops when it is not raining. Supplying of the water to the different crops during irrigation is done by a sprinkler. Also, pumps, valves, and pipes are needed during irrigation. For you to irrigate your crops effectively, you need to have a good irrigation sprinkler. The size of the sprinkler should be big to ensure that it supplies to the whole garden.
Watering of crops through irrigation has been done for a long time by crop growers. When irrigating crops, different irrigation methods are used. All irrigation methods are not effective in all gardens. Therefore, when irrigating your crops, you need to choose a method which will be effective. Also, you need to know the options available so that you can choose the best from them. A number of things have to be put into consideration for your irrigation to be effective. Some of the things which need to be considered when doing irrigation are discussed below.
Put the type of soil available in the garden where the crops are grown into consideration. The irrigation method to be used is determined by the type of soil. The type of soil in which the crops are grown also determines the number of times the crops are watered in a day. For instance, sandy soils require frequent irrigation at a high pressure to keep the moisture in the root zone. Irrigation should not be done frequently on clay soil since clay soil holds water and so frequent irrigation will cause water runoff. Also, you should use a minimal amount of water if the garden has clay soil.
Put the land topography into consideration. A land’s topography is the way the land is structured. A land can either have some slopes, some hills or can be flat. Knowing a land topography helps you to prevent runoffs during irrigation. For instance if the land is flat, drip irrigation is the best since the water will run along topographic lines. On hilly and sloppy land, center pivot systems and traveler systems should not be used as a lot of water will be wasted.
Consider the type of crops grown when you are irrigating. The tools used for irrigation are expensive. Therefore, a lot of money is spent on irrigation, and so you need to irrigate high-value crops. For instance, you should irrigate vegetables and fruits since they are valuable rather than irrigating wheat and soya beans. Above is a discussion of some of the things which should be put in mind when irrigating.